10 – Upnor Castle

belongs to the category of Henrician cosastal forts but is an Elizabethan addition to the . It was started in 1599 to protect the method to the brand- dockyard at Chatham, lying two miles away near the estuary of the River Medway.

Upnor was bigger however it had to wait up until 1667 to deal with enemy action. Because year, the Dutch, under Admiral de Ruyter, cruised into the Medway and set fire to much of the English fleet.

The castle was unable to use any efficient resistance and in the list below year a new chain of defenses was started, Upnor being relegated to the role of storehouse and publication. Military occupation of kind or another continued until the Second World War.

As initially developed, the castle made up an oblong blockhouse, embeded in the middle of a curious screen wall terminating at each end in a stair turret.

This building supplied lodging for the garrison, defense being concentrated upon the low, pointed dealing with the Medway.

Pointed bastions were devised as a defense versus weapons in Renaissance Italy. Sir Lee developed numerous along his new ramparts at Berwick, but the Upnor bastion does not have the characteristic “arrowhead” strategy resulting from a collar. Its riverside made that unnecessary.

Considering that just one side of the bastion faces upriver, there were insufficient gun emplacements to fire successfully on an approaching fleet-this was the issue in 1667.

The late Elizabethan enhancement offered defenses on the landward side. A walled yard was created in front of the blockhouse, with towers where the new curtain joins the screen wall.

The courtyard is entered through a gate retaining the conventional barrier of a drawbridge.

Upnor Castle belongs to the category of Henrician cosastal forts but is an Elizabethan addition to the chain. It was started in 1599 to secure the technique to the brand-new dockyard at Chatham, lying two miles away near the estuary of the River Medway. Sir Richard Lee built a number of along his new ramparts at Berwick, but the Upnor bastion does not have the particular “arrowhead” strategy resulting from a narrow collar.

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