10 – Upnor Castle

Upnor Castle belongs to the category of Henrician cosastal forts but is an Elizabethan addition to the chain. It was started in 1599 to protect the method to the brand-new dockyard at Chatham, lying two miles away near the estuary of the River Medway. Upnor was bigger however it had to wait up until 1667 to deal with enemy action. Because year, the Dutch, under Admiral de Ruyter, cruised into the Medway and set fire to much of the English fleet. The castle was unable to use any efficient resistance and in the list below year a new chain of defenses was started, Upnor being relegated to the role of storehouse and publication. Military occupation of one kind or another continued until the Second World War. As initially developed, the castle made up an oblong blockhouse, embeded in the middle of a curious screen wall terminating at each end in …