10 – Walmar Castle

Walmar Castle is the most southerly of the three Henrian coastal forts which secured the Downs, that protected strait lying in between the coast and the Goodwin Sands. It stands a mile from Offer Castle, to which it was initially connected by earthworks, and was developed at the same time. Looking like Deal in concept, it is easier in style. It consists of a squat round tower carefully surrounded by a lower drape, the latter projecting outwards in four semi-circular lobes to form a quatrefoil strategy. It was a strategy shared by Sandown Castle, the northern member of the group and now almost completely ruined. Walmer Castle stands in its entirety but, in contrast to Offer and most of the other Henrician forts, it austerity has been mellowed by conversion into a stately home. In 1708, the militarily redundant castle ended up being the official residence of the Lord Warden …

10 – Wallingford Castle

The historic town of Wallingford lies within an earth rampart first thrown up in the reign of Alfred the Great or Edward the Senior citizen, as a precaution versus Danish attack. Wallingford was when believed to be a Roman town since the rampart encloses a rectangle-shaped location and the streets follow a grid pattern. The rampart can still be followed on the 3 landward sides but there is no evidence of any manufactured defenses facing the river. In the Norman duration the rampart was increased, but the town then fell under economic decline so the timber stockades that lined the summit were never changed in stone. The northeast quarter of the town enclosure became the website of Wallingford Castle. William the Conqueror crossed the Thames here in 1066, throughout his march on London, and he may have established the castle in passing. It certainly existed by 1071. This essential royal …

10 – Upnor Castle

Upnor Castle belongs to the category of Henrician cosastal forts but is an Elizabethan addition to the chain. It was started in 1599 to protect the method to the brand-new dockyard at Chatham, lying two miles away near the estuary of the River Medway. Upnor was bigger however it had to wait up until 1667 to deal with enemy action. Because year, the Dutch, under Admiral de Ruyter, cruised into the Medway and set fire to much of the English fleet. The castle was unable to use any efficient resistance and in the list below year a new chain of defenses was started, Upnor being relegated to the role of storehouse and publication. Military occupation of one kind or another continued until the Second World War. As initially developed, the castle made up an oblong blockhouse, embeded in the middle of a curious screen wall terminating at each end in …

10 – Trematon Castle

Trematon Castle bases on an eminence increasing steeply above the River Lynher, two miles southwest of Saltash and the Tamar estuary. Robert, Count of Mortain and Earl of Cornwall most likely established the castle. It is described as his in the Domesday Book. At that time Trematon was a location of some value whereas now it is scarcely a town. The castle saw action in the Civil War and, previously, in the course of Kilter’s Insurrection which broke out in Cornwall in 1594. The rebels laid siege to the castle and managed to entice out and record its protector, Sir Richard Grenville. Trematon is a great example of a motte and bailey castle. It is a lot more significant for the excellent conservation of its late Norman masonry, probably the work of Henry de Dunstanville. An oval shell keep crowns the motte and a plain drape surrounds the bailey. Both …

10 – Tower of London

The Tower of London and Dover Castle were the greatest castles of medieval England. There are those who would put Dover first and London second, but this is a matter of choice. Both castle maintain their majesty in spite of extensive later mutilation. It needs to be confessed that Dover maximizes its glorious position; whereas the Tower derives no benefits from its website. Squatting on the north bank of the Thames, and now overshadowed by the glass skyscrapers of the City, the splendour of the complex is not right away evident. Nevertheless, its large size-eighteen acres-cannot stop working to impress and the stunning keep and concentric drapes are visible from all instructions. The prime role of the Tower was to overawe the defiant people of the capital. This may seem less tactical than Dover’s coastal defense, however English kings normally had more to fear from their own subjects than from …

10 – Tiverton Castle

According to custom, Richard de Redvers, Earl of Devon, first raised a castle here around 1106, but if so absolutely nothing remains of it. Hugh Courtenay constructed today fortress soon after 1300, and the quadrangular strategy is really typical of that era however would be not likely in a Norman castle. We may compare Hugh’s reconstruction of Okehampton Castle, where his work was conditioned by the old motte and bailey layout. Tiverton’s quadrangle was surrounded by a drape wall, which remains on 3 sides. There were towers at the corners but just the two southern ones stay. The southeast tower is circular and rather stunning with its later cone-shaped roof; the bigger southwest tower is square and crippling. Windows piercing the drape between them, some retaining their tracery, reveal that important structures stood here, the largest marking the website of the chapel. These windows and the relatively slight forecast of …

10 – Tintagel Castle

The legend of King Arthur has actually made Tintagel a hallowed place. Geoffrey of Monmouth, writing about the time when the castle remained in reality established, selected it as the setting for Arthur’s conception. That is his only relate to Tintagel, but it has lasted in the popular creativity. The beauty of the website is no doubt the reason why. This rocky, sea-battered headland is an uncommon setting for a middle ages castle but a likely one in which to find an ancient hill fort. It comes as a surprise to discover that no evidence has actually been discovered of any fortification before the Norman period. Instead. The headland initially became the retreat of Dark Age monks who were drawn to such inaccessible areas. The foundations of several groups of monastic buildings are spread across the top of the headland and its eastern slope. The Tintagel headland is nearly an …

10 – Thornbury Castle

The Thornbury Castle has actually been described as the last genuine castle, or rather private home with defensive functions, ever raised in England. This is most likely true if we ignore Scottish border territory. It is testimony to the ambition of Edward Stafford, Duke of Buckingham, who started constructing here in 1511. Ten years later, Henry VIII had him carried out on a charge of treason. It was declared that the duke had actually raised a private army in the Welsh Marches, in defiance of the Tudor laws against such practices, and Thornbury Castle might have been another element weighing versus him. The castle follows the standard quadrangular design of later middle ages times, and is provided with an outer courtyard big enough to house a significant body of retainers. Here, as somewhere else, the worked with levies were kept away from the duke and his individual household, though whether …

1 – Tiverton Castle

According to tradition, Richard de Redvers, Earl of Devon, very first raised a castle here around 1106, but if so nothing stays of it. Hugh Courtenay constructed today stronghold not long after 1300, and the quadrangular plan is very common of that period but would be not likely in a Norman castle. We might compare Hugh’s restoration of Okehampton Castle, where his work was conditioned by the old motte and bailey layout. Tiverton’s quadrangle was surrounded by a drape wall, which remains on three sides. There were towers at the corners but just the two southern ones remain. The southeast tower is circular and rather stunning with its later cone-shaped roofing; the bigger southwest tower is square and crippling. Windows piercing the curtain in between them, some retaining their tracery, show that crucial structures stood here, the biggest marking the website of the chapel. These windows and the relatively slight …